High blood pressure and cholesterol

A hormone that regulates blood sugar. In turn, your HDL (or “good”) cholesterol lowers, and your levels of harmful blood fats called triglycerides rise.

Brain health issues

It appears that people with diabetes have some abnormalities of blood flow control to the brain

Gum Disease

People with diabetes are more likely to develop periodontal disease, an infection of the gum and bone that can lead to painful chewing problems and tooth loss.

Hearing loss

Diabetes had more hearing loss than women the same age who had well-controlled diabetes.

Vision problems

Roughly 1 in 3 people with diabetes older than age 40 have diabetic retinopathy, or damage to the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.

Obstructive sleep apnea

This potentially serious sleep disorder, in which the throat muscles intermittently relax and block the airway during sleep, affects around 50% of people with diabetes,

Over time, high blood glucose thickens and scars the nephrons, tiny structures within the kidneys that filter your blood.

Kidney failure


This form of nerve damage can cause pain, weakness, and digestive troubles as it strikes the nerves that control your gastrointestinal tract.