Your blood sugar is the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Glucose comes from the food you eat and is your body’s main source of energy. Your blood sugar level changes throughout the day. It is highest when you wake up and lowest when you go to sleep.
If your blood sugar is too high, you may experience frequent urination, excessive thirst, and blurry vision. If your BS is too low, you may experience shaking, sweating, and dizziness.
Long-term effects of uncontrolled BS include heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and blindness.
How to control your blood sugar?
There are several things you can do to keep your BS level in a healthy range:
- Eat a healthy diet.
Choose foods that are low in sugar and fat, and high in fiber. Good choices include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.
- Get regular exercise.
Exercise helps your body use insulin more effectively. It also helps to control your weight, which can impact your BS level.
- Monitor your blood sugar level.
Check your BS level regularly with a home BS monitor. This will help you to see how your diet and exercise are affecting your blood sugar level.
- Take medication as prescribed.
If you have diabetes, you may need to take medication to help control your BS level. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
- Make healthy lifestyle choices.
Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol. These can raise your BS level and cause other health problems.
Side effects of High Blood Sugar
When BS levels are too high, it can lead to a condition called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can cause increased thirst, increased urine, blurred vision, and fatigue. If left untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to serious complications such as ketoacidosis, coma, and death.
Treatment for hyperglycemia includes making lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Medications such as insulin or oral diabetes drugs may also be necessary.
High Blood Sugar can cause a variety of health problems including:
– Heart Disease
– Kidney Disease
– Nerve Damage
In addition, High BS can cause problems during pregnancy, including:
– Gestational diabetes
– Increased risk of mis-carrige
– Increased risk of birth defects
– Increased risk of stillbirth
If you have high blood sugar, it is important to talk to your doctor about ways to lower your risk of developing these serious health problems.